The normal use for the subArray record type is to obtain sub-arrays from waveform records. Setting either the number of elements (NELM) or index (INDX) fields causes the record to be processed anew so that applications in which the length and position of a sub-array in a waveform record vary dynamically can be implemented using standard EPICS operator interface tools.
The first element of the sub-array, that at location INDX in the referenced waveform record, can be displayed as a scalar, or the entire subarray (of length NELM) can be displayed in the same way as a waveform record. If there are fewer than NELM elements in the referenced waveform after the INDX, only the number of elements actually available are returned, and the number of elements read field (NORD) is set to reflect this. This record type does not support writing new values into waveform records.
The record-specific fields are described below, grouped by functionality.
The subArray record has the standard fields for specifying under what circumstances the record will be processed. These fields are listed in "Scan Fields". In addition, "Scanning Specification" explains how these fields are used.
The subArray's input link (INP) should be configured to reference the Waveform record. It should specify the VAL field of a Waveform record. The INP field can be a channel access link, in addition to a database link. See "Address Specification" for information on specifying links.
In addition, the DTYP field must specify a device support module. Currently, the only device support module is
Field Summary Type DCT Default Read Write CA PP INP Input Specification INLINK Yes Yes Yes No DTYP Device Type DEVICE Yes Yes Yes No
These parameters determine the number of array elements (the array length) and the data type of those elements. The Field Type of Value (FTVL) field determines the data type of the array.
The user specifies the maximum number of elements that can be read into the subarray in the MALM field. This number should normally be equal to the number of elements of the Waveform array (found in the Waveform's NELM field). The MALM field is used to allocate memory. The subArray's Number of Elements (NELM) field is where the user specifies the actual number of elements that the subArray will extract. It should of course be no greater than MALM; if it is, the record processing routine sets it equal to MALM.
The INDX field determines the offset of the subArray record's array in relation to the Waveform's. For instance, if INDX is 2, then the subArray will read NELM elements starting with the third element of the Waveform's array. Thus, it equals the index number of the Waveform's array.
The actual sub-array is referenced by the VAL field.
Field Summary Type DCT Default Read Write CA PP FTVL Field Type of Value MENU (menuFtype) Yes Yes No No VAL Value Set by FTVL No Yes Yes Yes MALM Maximum Elements ULONG Yes 1 Yes No No NELM Number of Elements ULONG Yes 1 Yes Yes Yes INDX Substring Index ULONG Yes Yes Yes Yes
These parameters are used to present meaningful data to the operator. They display the value and other parameters of the subarray record either textually or graphically.
EGU is a string of up to 16 characters describing the engineering units (if any) of the values which the subArray holds. It is retrieved by the
get_units() record support routine.
The HOPR and LOPR fields set the upper and lower display limits for the sub-array elements. Both the
get_control_double() record support routines retrieve these fields.
The PREC field determines the floating point precision with which to display VAL. It is used whenever the
get_precision() record support routine is called.
See "Fields Common to All Record Types" for more on the record name (NAME) and description (DESC) fields.
Field Summary Type DCT Default Read Write CA PP EGU Engineering Units STRING  Yes Yes Yes No HOPR High Operating Range DOUBLE Yes Yes Yes No LOPR Low Operating Range DOUBLE Yes Yes Yes No PREC Display Precision SHORT Yes Yes Yes No NAME Record Name STRING  No Yes No No DESC Descriptor STRING  Yes Yes Yes No
The subarray record has the alarm parameters common to all record types. "Alarm Fields" lists other fields related to a alarms that are common to all record types.
These fields are not configurable by the user. They are used for the record's internal processing or to represent the current state of the record.
The NORD field holds the number of elements that were actually read into the array. It will be less than NELM whenever the sum of the NELM and INDX fields exceeds the number of existing elements found in the source array.
BPTR contains a pointer to the record's array.
Field Summary Type DCT Default Read Write CA PP NORD Number elements read LONG No Yes No No BPTR Buffer Pointer NOACCESS No No No No
long (*init_record)(struct dbCommon *precord, int pass)
Using MALM and FTVL, space for the array is allocated. The array address is stored in BPTR. This routine checks to see that device support is available and a device support read routine is defined. If either does not exist, an error message is issued and processing is terminated. If device support includes
init_record(), it is called.
long (*process)(struct dbCommon *precord)
See "Record Processing".
long (*cvt_dbaddr)(struct dbAddr *paddr)
This is called by
dbNameToAddr(). It makes the dbAddr structure refer to the actual buffer holding the result.
long (*get_array_info)(struct dbAddr *paddr, long *no_elements, long *offset)
long (*put_array_info)(struct dbAddr *paddr, long nNew)
long (*get_graphic_double)(struct dbAddr *paddr, struct dbr_grDouble *p)
For the elements in the array, this routine routines HOPR and LOPR. For the INDX field, this routine returns MALM - 1 and 0. For NELM, it returns MALM and 1. For other fields, it calls
long (*get_control_double)(struct dbAddr *paddr, struct dbr_ctrlDouble *p)
For array elements, this routine retrieves HOPR and LOPR. Otherwise,
recGblGetControlDouble() is called.
long (*get_units)(struct dbAddr *paddr, char *units)
long (*get_precision)(const struct dbAddr *paddr, long *precision)
Routine process implements the following algorithm:
Check to see that the appropriate device support module exists. If it doesn't, an error message is issued and processing is terminated with the PACT field still set to TRUE. This ensures that processes will no longer be called for this record. Thus error storms will not occur.
Sanity check NELM and INDX. If NELM is greater than MALM it is set to MALM. If INDX is greater than or equal to MALM it is set to MALM-1.
Call the device support's
read_sa() routine. This routine is expected to place the desired sub-array at the beginning of the buffer and set NORD to the number of elements of the sub-array that were read.
If PACT has been changed to TRUE, the device support read operation has started but has not completed writing the new value. In this case, the processing routine merely returns, leaving PACT TRUE. Otherwise, process sets PACT TRUE at this time. This asynchronous processing logic is not currently used but has been left in place.
Check to see if monitors should be invoked.
Alarm monitors are invoked if the alarm status or severity has changed.
Archive and value change monitors are always invoked.
NSEV and NSTA are reset to 0.
Scan forward link if necessary, set PACT FALSE, and return.
The device support routines are primarily interested in the following fields:
Field Summary Type DCT Default Read Write CA PP PACT Record active UCHAR No Yes No No DPVT Device Private NOACCESS No No No No UDF Undefined UCHAR Yes 1 Yes Yes Yes NSEV New Alarm Severity MENU (menuAlarmSevr) No Yes No No NSTA New Alarm Status MENU (menuAlarmStat) No Yes No No INP Input Specification INLINK Yes Yes Yes No FTVL Field Type of Value MENU (menuFtype) Yes Yes No No MALM Maximum Elements ULONG Yes 1 Yes No No NELM Number of Elements ULONG Yes 1 Yes Yes Yes INDX Substring Index ULONG Yes Yes Yes Yes BPTR Buffer Pointer NOACCESS No No No No NORD Number elements read LONG No Yes No No
Device support consists of the following routines:
This optional routine is called by the IOC command
dbior and is passed the report level that was requested by the user. It should print a report on the state of the device support to stdout. The
level parameter may be used to output increasingly more detailed information at higher levels, or to select different types of information with different levels. Level zero should print no more than a small summary.
This optional routine is called twice at IOC initialization time. The first call happens before any of the
init_record() calls are made, with the integer parameter
after set to 0. The second call happens after all of the
init_record() calls have been made, with
after set to 1.
long init_record(subArrayRecord *prec)
This routine is called by the record support
long read_sa(subArrayRecord *prec)
Enough of the source waveform is read into BPTR, from the beginning of the source, to include the requested sub-array. The sub-array is then copied to the beginning of the buffer. NORD is set to indicate how many elements of the sub-array were acquired.
Only the device support module
Soft Channel is currently provided.
INP is expected to point to an array field of a waveform record or similar.