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<== Date ==> <== Thread ==>

Subject: Re: Cross compiling
From: Florian Feldbauer via Tech-talk <tech-talk@aps.anl.gov>
To: Jeong Han Lee <citadel.lee@gmail.com>, tech-talk@aps.anl.gov
Date: Sun, 1 Sep 2019 10:41:19 +0200

Hey Han,

thanks for the information. The cross-compiler I'm using is from Toradex for the Apalis iMX6 [1] (it's for the iseg CC24, I'm not sure if it is the default toolchain, or a customized version from iseg)

Andrew already helped me fixing the problem. In EPICS_BASE/configure/os/CONFIG_SITE.linux-86_64.linux-arm I defined

> ARCH_DEP_CFLAGS += -march=armv7-a -mthumb -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=hard --sysroot=/opt/iseg/cross-compiler/sysroots/armv7at2hf-neon-angstrom-linux-gnueabi
> ARCH_DEP_LDFLAGS += --sysroot=/opt/iseg/cross-compiler/sysroots/armv7at2hf-neon-angstrom-linux-gnueabi

I needed to extend ARCH_DEP_LDFLAGS by '-march=armv7-a -mthumb -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=hard'.
With this change the correct interpreter is used and the IOC is working without any workarounds!

Cheers,
Florian

[1] https://developer.toradex.com/getting-started/module-2-my-first-hello-world-in-c/configure-toolchain-apalis-imx6

Am 01.09.2019 um 00:31 schrieb Jeong Han Lee:
Hi Florian,

  If your cross-complier is based on the Yocto project, please look at three configuration files in [1].  Especially, linux-corei7-poky one may contains more explanation how the cc configuration shell script can be converted into the EPICS base configuration file. If you need more help, I may look at my personal log how to do this later.

 You may need the similar your own configuration file instead of the standard EPICS base ones.

  You have to create your own configuration in order to override

  * GNU_DIR
  * GNU_BIN
  * GNU_TARGET_LIB_DIR

  I don't have time to submit them to the community, at the same time, they contains the site specific environment variables also.


  HTH,
  Han


[1] https://github.com/icshwi/e3-base/tree/master/configure/os




https://github.com/icshwi/e3-base/blob/master/configure/os/CONFIG_SITE.Common.linux-ppc64e6500

On 8/30/19 1:17 PM, Florian Feldbauer via Tech-talk wrote:
Hey,

I have another problem with cross-compiling.
When compiling a hello world program with my cross-toolchain and inspecting it with `file`, the interpreter is /lib/ld-linux-armhf.so.3.
When cross-compiling EPICS and inspecting the executable of my IOC, the interpreter is /lib/ld-linux.so.3.

Does anyone know how I could fix this issue? For now I use a symlink on my target system as a workaround:
 > ln -s /lib/ld-linux-armhf.so.3 /lib/ld-linux.so.3

But it would of course be better if this workaround would not be needed at all.

Another question: When deploying the IOC to my target system, the path is not necessarily the same as the building path anymore.
So, when I start my IOC, I get the following warning:

Warning: IOC is booting with TOP = "/opt/epics"
           but was built with TOP = "/home/florian/epics/iocs/test-ioc"

Is there anyway to get rid of this warning?

Best regards,
Florian

On 8/29/19 9:43 PM, Florian Feldbauer via Tech-talk wrote:
Hey Andrew,

just when your mail arrived, I was looking through the output of make and found a line, where g++ was used for compiling using the correct flags. Like you said...

I now replaced USR_CFLAGS by ARCH_DEP_CFLAGS and added
ARCH_DEP_LDFLAGS += --sysroot=/opt/iseg/cross-compiler/sysroots/armv7at2hf-neon-angstrom-linux-gnueabi

Now it works! Thanks for your help!

Cheers,
Florian


On 8/29/19 9:23 PM, Johnson, Andrew N. via Tech-talk wrote:
Hi Florian,

On 8/29/19 1:33 PM, Florian Feldbauer via Tech-talk wrote:
My configure/os/CONFIG_SITE.linux-x86-64.linux-arm looks like this

GNU_TARGET = arm-angstrom-linux-gnueabi
GNU_BIN = /opt/cross-compiler/sysroots/x86_64-angstromsdk-linux/usr/bin/arm-angstrom-linux-gnueabi
COMMANDLINE_LIBRARY = READLINE_NCURSES
USR_CFLAGS += -march=armv7-a -mthumb -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=hard --sysroot=/opt/iseg/cross-compiler/sysroots/armv7at2hf-neon-angstrom-linux-gnueabi
USR_CXXFLAGS += -march=armv7-a -mthumb -mfpu=neon -mfloat-abi=hard --sysroot=/opt/iseg/cross-compiler/sysroots/armv7at2hf-neon-angstrom-linux-gnueabi

Looking at the compiler commands executed by make below, only the USR_CFLAGS are used when compiling c files, but the CXXFLAGS are ignored.
USR_CFLAGS is used when compiling .c files to .o
USR_CXXFLAGS is used when compling .cpp/.cxx/.cc flags to .o
USR_LDFLAGS is used when linking .o files together into executables or libraries.

It's the latter (link) stage that is failing in your build. Your first command is a compilation of a C file, which succeeds:
/opt/iseg/cross-compiler/sysroots/x86_64-angstromsdk-linux/usr/bin/arm-angstrom-linux-gnueabi/arm-angstrom-linux-gnueabi-gcc -D_GNU_SOURCE -D_DEFAULT_SOURCE         -march=armv7-a -mthumb -mfpu=neon  -mfloat-abi=hard --sysroot=/opt/iseg/cross-compiler/sysroots/armv7at2hf-neon-angstrom-linux-gnueabi -DUNIX  -Dlinux     -O3 -g   -Wall     -march=armv7-a -mthumb -mfpu=neon  -mfloat-abi=hard --sysroot=/opt/iseg/cross-compiler/sysroots/armv7at2hf-neon-angstrom-linux-gnueabi -fPIC -I. -I../O.Common -I. -I../../src/osi/compiler/gcc -I../../src/osi/compiler/default -I. -I../../src/osi/os/Linux -I../../src/osi/os/posix -I../../src/osi/os/default -I.. -I../../src/as -I../../src/bucketLib -I../../src/calc -I../../src/cvtFast -I../../src/cppStd -I../../src/cxxTemplates -I../../src/dbmf -I../../src/ellLib -I../../src/env -I../../src/error -I../../src/fdmgr -I../../src/flex -I../../src/freeList -I../../src/gpHash -I../../src/iocsh -I../../src/log -I../../src/macLib -I../../src/misc -I../../src/osi -I../../src/pool -I../../src/ring -I../../src/taskwd -I../../src/timer -I../../src/yacc -I../../src/yacc -I../../src/yajl -I/opt/epics/base/include/compiler/gcc -I/opt/epics/base/include/os/Linux -I/opt/epics/base/include -I/opt/epics/base/include/compiler/gcc -I/opt/epics/base/include/os/Linux -I/opt/epics/base/include         -c ../../src/yajl/yajl_parser.c

The next command is actually using g++ to link object files into a library (libCom.so.3.17.5), it isn't actually compiling anything, so it doesn't get given your $(USR_CXXFLAGS):
/opt/iseg/cross-compiler/sysroots/x86_64-angstromsdk-linux/usr/bin/arm-angstrom-linux-gnueabi/arm-angstrom-linux-gnueabi-g++ -o libCom.so.3.17.5 -shared -fPIC -L/opt/epics/base/lib/linux-arm -Wl,-rpath,/opt/epics/base/lib/linux-arm -rdynamic asLib.o asTrapWrite.o bucketLib.o postfix.o calcPerform.o cvtFast.o resourceLib.o epicsSingletonMutex.o dbmf.o ellLib.o ellSort.o envSubr.o envData.o errlog.o errSymLib.o errSymTbl.o fdmgr.o fdManager.o freeListLib.o gpHashLib.o iocsh.o initHooks.o registry.o libComRegister.o iocLog.o logClient.o macCore.o macEnv.o macUtil.o alarmString.o aToIPAddr.o adjustment.o cantProceed.o epicsConvert.o epicsExit.o epicsStdlib.o epicsString.o truncateFile.o ipAddrToAsciiAsynchronous.o epicsUnitTest.o epicsThread.o epicsMutex.o epicsEvent.o epicsTime.o epicsMessageQueue.o epicsMath.o epicsAtomicOSD.o epicsGeneralTime.o osiClockTime.o osdSock.o osdSockAddrReuse.o osiSock.o systemCallIntMech.o epicsSocketConvertErrnoToString.o osdAssert.o osdFindSymbol.o osdInterrupt.o osdPoolStatus.o osdSignal.o osdEnv.o epicsReadline.o epicsTempFile.o epicsStdio.o osdStdio.o osdThread.o osdThreadExtra.o osdThreadHooks.o osdMutex.o osdSpin.o osdEvent.o osdTime.o osdMonotonic.o osdProcess.o osdNetIntf.o osdMessageQueue.o devLibVME.o devLibVMEOSD.o epicsStackTrace.o osdBackTrace.o osdFindAddr.o poolJob.o threadPool.o epicsRingPointer.o epicsRingBytes.o taskwd.o epicsTimer.o timer.o timerQueue.o timerQueueActive.o timerQueueActiveMgr.o timerQueuePassive.o yajl.o yajl_alloc.o yajl_buf.o yajl_encode.o yajl_gen.o yajl_lex.o yajl_parser.o       -lpthread   -lreadline -lncurses -lm -lrt -ldl -lgcc
The last command breaks because the --sysroot option is missing and the compiler doesn't find it's libraries.

Did I do something wrong? What is the correct way to define default C compiler and C++ compiler flags when cross-compiling?
You didn't set a variable to provide the linker flags needed for your build. Following your other settings that would be USR_LDFLAGS, but I would recommend that you actually set these variables instead:

ARCH_DEP_CFLAGS = <your USR_CFLAGS value above>

The ARCH_DEP_CXXFLAGS variable defaults to $(ARCH_DEP_CFLAGS) so you don't need to set this at all.

ARCH_DEP_LDFLAGS = <flags to pass to g++ when using it as a linker>

I'm suggesting you use the ARCH_DEP_ flags instead of the USR_ ones because some application Makefiles may override the USR_ variables instead of just appending to them, which would cause your builds to fail.

Hope this helps,

- Andrew

-- 
Complexity comes for free, Simplicity you have to work for.

-- 
Dr. Florian Feldbauer

Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Experimentalphysik I AG
Universitätsstr. 150
Fach-Nr. 125
D-44801 Bochum

Office: NB 2/134
Phone:  (+49)234 / 32-23563
Fax:    (+49)234 / 32-14170
https://paluma.ruhr-uni-bochum.de

References:
Cross compiling Florian Feldbauer via Tech-talk
Re: Cross compiling Johnson, Andrew N. via Tech-talk
Re: Cross compiling Florian Feldbauer via Tech-talk
Re: Cross compiling Florian Feldbauer via Tech-talk
Re: Cross compiling Jeong Han Lee via Tech-talk

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